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Simple Present Tense

The Simple Present Tense, also known as Present Indefinite Tense, is used to express an action in present time which is usually done on a regular basis. The action can be a habit, general truth, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. Read the following sentences:

  1. He drinks tea every morning.
  2. I get up every day at five o'clock.
  3. The sun rises in the east.

Rules: 1st form of verb is used in sentence

Structure of Simple Present Tense

Below is Simple Present Tense formula to understand its structure. It is easy to learn to make correct sentences of all types of this tense.

Positive Sentence Formula



  1. She cooks food.
  2. They play cricket.

Negative Sentence Formula



  1. She does not cook food.
  2. They do not play cricket.
  3. He never tells a lie.

Interrogative Sentence Formula



  1. Does she cook food?
  2. Do they play cricket?
  3. How does she cook food?

Interrogative Negative Sentence Formula



  1. Does she not cook food?
  2. Do they not play cricket?

Rule: Must put Question Mark (?) in the end of interrogative and negative interrogative sentences.

Important Points

Simple present tense is used to express:

  1. A Habitual Action: For example
    She gets up every day at 7'O clock.
    I drink tea every evening.
  2. General Truths: For example
    Milk is white
    The sun rises in the East
  3. An Exclamation:
    There they go!
    Here comes the plane!
  4. Any future event that has fixed timetable
    The bus leaves at 4:30 PM
    The concert starts at 7:00 PM

Different Forms of Simple Present Tense

Affirmative Form
  1. I eat
  2. We eat
  3. You eat
  4. He / She eats
  5. They eat
Question Form
  1. Do I eat?
  2. Do we eat?
  3. Do you eat?
  4. Does he/she eat?
  5. Do they eat?
Negative Form
  1. I do not eat
  2. We do not eat
  3. You do not eat
  4. He/ she does not eat
  5. They do not eat

Present Simple Tense Examples

Positive Sentences

  1. I watch television.
  2. They play football.
  3. You love swimming.
  4. He teaches English.
  5. It rains in morning.
  6. The college opens on 21st May.
  7. The film starts at 6:30 and finishes at 9:00.

Negative Sentences

  1. I do not watch television.
  2. We do not read newspaper.
  3. They do not play football.
  4. You do not love swimming.
  5. He does not teach English.
  6. It does not rain in morning.

Interrogative Sentences

  1. Do I watch television?
  2. Do we read newspaper?
  3. Do they play football?
  4. Do you love swimming?
  5. Does he teach English?
  6. Does it rain in morning?
  7. When does the next train leave for Shanghai?

Interrogative Negative Sentences

  1. Do you not teach English?
  2. Do I not walk daily?
  3. Do they not drive cars?
  4. Do you not operate patients?
  5. Does she not buy books?
  6. Does John not drink milk?
  7. Does it not rain here daily?

How spelling for the verb differs in case of third person?
The spelling for the verb in case of the third person singular differs depending on the ending of that verb:

  1. For verbs that end in o, ch, sh, ss, x, or z we add "es"
    • go - goes
    • catch – catches
    • wash – washes
    • discuss – discusses
    • fix – fixes
    • buzz – buzzes
  2. For verbs that end in a consonant + y, we remove the y and add "ies"
    • marry – marries
    • study – studies
    • carry - carries
    • worry - worries
  3. For verbs that end in a vowel + y, we just add "s"
    • play – plays
    • enjoy – enjoys
    • say – says
  4. In most of the cases, only "s" is added

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List of all English Tenses

Below is list of all English tenses including the structure and explanation of use of each tense:

Present Tense
  1. Present Simple (Indefinite) Tense
  2. Present Continuous Tense
  3. Present Perfect Tense
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Tense
  1. Past Simple (Indefinite) Tense
  2. Past Continuous Tense
  3. Past Perfect Tense
  4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Future Tense
  1. Future Indefinite (Simple) Tense
  2. Future Continuous Tense
  3. Future Perfect Tense
  4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Relevant Topics
  1. How Many Tenses in English
  2. The Sequence of Tenses

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