Future Perfect Tense

Definition: The Future Perfect Tense is used to talk about actions that will be completed by a certain future time. For example, "He will have left before you go to see him". It shows a sense of completion of an action which will occur in future.

Helping Verbs of Future Perfect Tense

"will have" and "shall have" are helping verbs of Future perfect Tense


  1. Helping verbs "will have" or "shall have" are used in sentence.
  2. 3rd form of verb is used in sentence.
  3. Helping verb "will" is used with subject (you, they, it, he, she and names) whereas helping verb "shall" is used with subject (I and we).

Future Perfect Tense Structure

Here are formulas to understand strcuture of this tense.

Positive Sentence Formula


  1. He will have finished job.
  2. We shall have finished job.

Negative Sentence Formula

Note: To make negative sentence "not" is written between helping verbs "will have" or "shall have" in sentence.


  1. He will not have finished job.
  2. We shall not have finished job.

Interrogative Sentence Formula

Note: Helping verb "Will" or "Shall" is placed at the beginning of sentence.


  1. Will he have finished job?
  2. Shall we have finished job?
  3. When will he have done his school work?

Note: The words "what, where, when, how, etc." will be used before "will" or "shall" in such kind of interrogative sentences.

Interrogative Negative Sentence Formula

Note: Helping verb "Will" or "Shall" is placed at the beginning of the sentence and "not" is used after the subject.


  1. Shall we not have taken the tickets before the train arrives?
  2. Will students not have left the class before the teacher arrives?

Rule: Must put Question Mark (?) in the end of interrogative and negative interrogative sentences.

Different Forms of Future Perfect Tense

Affirmative Form
  1. I shall have eaten
  2. We shall have eaten
  3. You will have eaten
  4. He/she will have eaten
  5. They will have eaten
Question Form
  1. Shall I have eaten?
  2. Shall we have eaten?
  3. Will you have eaten?
  4. Will he/she have eaten?
  5. Will they have eaten?
Negative Form
  1. I shall have not eaten
  2. We shall have not eaten
  3. You will have not eaten
  4. He/she will have not eaten
  5. They will have not eaten

Examples of Future Perfect Tense

To learn Future Perfect Tense uses, here are more sentences of this tense.

Future Perfect Tense Positive Sentences

  1. You will have built a house.
  2. I shall have bought a suit.
  3. By the end of this month I will have worked here for five years.

Future Perfect Tense Negative Sentences

  1. He will not have written his notes.
  2. We shall not have decorated our room.
  3. They will not have sent the movie.

Future Perfect Tense Interrogative Sentences

  1. Will they have shifted to a new home?
  2. Shall we have passed the examination?
  3. When will you have read this book?

Future Perfect Tense Interrogative Negative Sentences

  1. Will he not have eaten pizza?
  2. Will they not have sent the movie?
  3. Shall I not have written my exercise by then?

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List of all English Tenses

Below is list of all English tenses including the structure and explanation of use of each tense:

Present Tense
  1. Present Simple (Indefinite) Tense
  2. Present Continuous Tense
  3. Present Perfect Tense
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Tense
  1. Past Simple (Indefinite) Tense
  2. Past Continuous Tense
  3. Past Perfect Tense
  4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Future Tense
  1. Future Indefinite (Simple) Tense
  2. Future Continuous Tense
  3. Future Perfect Tense
  4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Relevant Topics
  1. How Many Tenses in English
  2. The Sequence of Tenses

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