Simple Future Tense
Definition: The Simple Future Tense, also known as Future Indefinite Tense, is used to describe an action which has not occurred yet and will occur in coming time. For example, "He will eat pizza tomorrow", in this sentence the person intends for eating pizza at the time of tomorrow. Simplest action in future is referred as Future Indefinite Tense. In short, these sentences express actions which will be done in future.
Rules: Helping verb " will " or " shall " is used in sentence. 1st form of verb is used as main verb in sentence
Structure of Future Indefinite Tense
Below is Future Indefinite Tense formula to understand its structure. It is easy to learn to make correct sentences of all types of this tense.
Positive Sentence Formula
- Subject + helping verb (" will " or " shall ") + (1st form of verb) + object
- If the subject in a sentence is (he, she, it, you, they, or proper noun) then " will " is used.
- If the subject in a sentence is (I, we) then " shall " is used.
- You will learn typing.
- I shall buy a bike tomorrow.
Negative Sentence Formula
- Subject + helping verb (" will " or " shall ") + not + (1st form of verb) + object
Note: In negative sentence, "not" is placed between helping verb and main verb in sentence.
- You will not learn typing.
- I shall not buy a bike tomorrow.
Interrogative Sentence Formula
- Helping verb (" Will " or " Shall ") + subject + (1st form of verb) + object
- "Will" or "Shall" is placed at the beginning of the sentence.
- Rule for using helping verb (" Will " or " Shall ") is the same as mentioned above in positive sentences.
- Will you learn typing?
- Shall I buy a bike tomorrow?
- Where shall he sell his car?
Note: The words "what, where, when, how, etc." will be used before " will " or " shall " in such kind of interrogative sentences.
Interrogative Negative Sentence Formula
- Helping verb ("Will" or "Shall") + subject + not + (1st form of verb) + object
Note: In Simple Future Tense, interrogative negative sentences are just like interrogative affirmative sentences with only use of " not " after subject.
- Will our teacher not come tomorrow?
- Shall we not go to shool tomorrow?
Rule: Must put Question Mark (?) in the end of interrogative and negative interrogative sentences.
- There is no need to use Future indefinite tense when any action is arranged or planned in the near future. In this case, we use present continuous tense
For example: My baby is coming home tomorrow.
- This tense normally gives expressions about pure or colorless future. When there is a complete intention present while talking then going to + infinitive verb is used.
For Example: She is going to sign this letter.
- This tense is also used to talk about those things which we believe that they will occur in future.
For example: I think Pakistan will win this match.
We can also use Probably, I expect, I believe as well.
Different Forms of Future Indefinite Tense
- I shall eat
- We shall eat
- You will eat
- He/she will eat
- They will eat
- Shall I eat?
- Shall we eat?
- Will you eat?
- Will he/she eat?
- Will they eat?
- I shall not eat
- We shall not eat
- You will not eat
- He/she will not eat
- They will not eat
Future Simple Tense Examples
- He will start a business.
- She will send me a letter.
- I shall give you a pen tomorrow.
- Students will take exams at the end of semester.
- They will buy a new car.
- The Pattern of exam will change next year.
- Pakistan will win the match.
- I will take umbrella.
- Akbar will pay his tuition fee.
- He will not start a business.
- She will not send me a letter.
- I shall not give you a pen tomorrow.
- They will not buy a new car.
- The pattern of exam will not change next year.
- Will he start a business?
- Shall I give you a pen tomorrow?
- Will students take exams at the end of semester?
- Will the pattern of exam change next year?
- What will he gift you?
Interrogative Negative Sentences
- Will she not send me a letter?
- Will they not buy a new car?
- Shall we not take exams at the end of semester?