An Article is a short word that generalizes or particularizes a Noun.


  1. A boy is standing there.
  2. Give him an apple.
  3. The doctor is not at home.

The Article is, sometimes, regarded as a distinct Part of Speech. But, properly speaking, it is merely an Adjective. There are only three Articles "a", "an" and "the" in English.

Kinds of Articles

The Article, properly speaking, is not a distinct part of speech. It is merely an Adjective. However, the Demonstrative Adjectives "A" "An" and "The" are usually called Articles. Articles are of two kinds:

  1. Definite Articles
  2. Indefinite Articles.

"A" and "An" are called Indefinite Articles, because they only generalize a Noun. Examples:

A doctor leads a busy life. (A doctor = any doctor).
Twelve Inches make a foot.

"The" is called the Definite Article, because it points out some particular person or thing.  Examples:

I saw the doctor. (The doctor = not any doctor but some particular doctor).
She was the first one to arrive here.

Indefinite Articles

The Use of "A". "A" is used before a word beginning with a consonant sound. Examples:

The Use of "An". "An" is used before a word beginning with a vowel sound.  Examples:

"A" or "An" is used;
  1. In its original numerical sense of "one". Example:
      A hundred paisa makes a rupee.
  1. In the vague sense of "a certain". Example:
     One morning a beggar came to my door.
  1. In the sense of "any". Example: 
      I want a pen.
  1. To make a common noun of a proper Noun.  Example:
      A Daniel came to judgment.

Definite Article

The Use of "The". The Definite Article "The" is an abbreviated form of "this" "That" "these" or "those". It is used;

Omission of the Article

The omission of the use of "A" "An" and "The".

The article is omitted:

  1. Man is mortal.
  2. What kind of flower is it?
  1. Honesty is the best policy.
  2. Gold is a precious metal.
  3. He was transferred to Karachi.
  1. Boys play football.
  2. Horses neigh.
  1. M. Muhammad Ayyub Khan, ex-President of Pakistan, passed away on April 20, 1974.
  2. Jamshed Hashmi became captain of the cricket eleven of his college.
  1. Both husband and wife caught cold.
  2. Boy after boy came out of the school.
  1. Parliament will meet again in April.
  2. Government has sanctioned the proposal.

Some Important Points About the Use of Articles

Here are some important points about the use of the Articles. These will be of great help to you in using them correctly.

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