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Simple Present Tense

The Simple Present Tense, also known as Present Indefinite Tense, is used to express an action in present time which is usually done on a regular basis. The action can be a habit, general truth, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. Read the following sentences:

  1. He drinks tea every morning.
  2. I get up every day at five o'clock.
  3. The sun rises in the east.

Rules: 1st form of verb is used in sentence

Structure of Sentence

Positive Sentence



  1. She cooks food.
  2. They play cricket.

Negative Sentence



  1. She does not cook food.
  2. They do not play cricket.
  3. He never tells a lie.

Interrogative Sentence



  1. Does she cook food?
  2. Do they play cricket?
  3. How does she cook food?

Interrogative Negative Sentence



  1. Does she not cook food?
  2. Do they not play cricket?

Rule: Must put Question Mark (?) in the end of interrogative and negative interrogative sentences.

More Examples of Present Simple Tense

Positive Sentences

  1. I watch television.
  2. They play football.
  3. You love swimming.
  4. He teaches English.
  5. It rains in morning.
  6. The college opens on 21st May.
  7. The film starts at 6:30 and finishes at 9:00.

Negative Sentences

  1. I do not watch television.
  2. We do not read newspaper.
  3. They do not play football.
  4. You do not love swimming.
  5. He does not teach English.
  6. It does not rain in morning.

Interrogative Sentences

  1. Do I watch television?
  2. Do we read newspaper?
  3. Do they play football?
  4. Do you love swimming?
  5. Does he teach English?
  6. Does it rain in morning?
  7. When does the next train leave for Shanghai?

Interrogative Negative Sentences

  1. Do you not teach English?
  2. Do I not walk daily?
  3. Do they not drive cars?
  4. Do you not operate patients?
  5. Does she not buy books?
  6. Does John not drink milk?
  7. Does it not rain here daily?

How spelling for the verb differs in case of third person?
The spelling for the verb in case of the third person singular differs depending on the ending of that verb:

  1. For verbs that end in o, ch, sh, ss, x, or z we add "es"
    • go - goes
    • catch – catches
    • wash – washes
    • discuss – discusses
    • fix – fixes
    • buzz – buzzes
  2. For verbs that end in a consonant + y, we remove the y and add "ies"
    • marry – marries
    • study – studies
    • carry - carries
    • worry - worries
  3. For verbs that end in a vowel + y, we just add "s"
    • play – plays
    • enjoy – enjoys
    • say – says
  4. In most of the cases, only "s" is added

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List of all English Tenses

Below is list of all English tenses including the structure and explanation of usage of each tense:

Present Tense   →
  1. Present Simple (Indefinite) Tense
  2. Present Continuous Tense
  3. Present Perfect Tense
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Tense   →
  1. Past Simple (Indefinite) Tense
  2. Past Continuous Tense
  3. Past Perfect Tense
  4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Future Tense   →
  1. Future Indefinite (Simple) Tense
  2. Future Continuous Tense
  3. Future Perfect Tense
  4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Relevant Topics  →
  1. How Many Tenses in English
  2. The Sequence of Tenses

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