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Present Perfect Tense

The Present Perfect Tense is used to indicate completed activities in the immediate past as "He has just gone out". Actions in this tense are complete without specific time such as two years ago, last week or that day. For example: "I have done my homework (= now I am free)" a complete action in recent past. It means that this tense expresses the action whose time when it happened, is not exactly specified but it sounds to refer to some action that happened or completed in near past.

Rules: Helping verb "has" or "have" is used before 3rd form of verb in sentence.

Structure of Sentence

Positive Sentence

Note:

Examples

  1. He has eaten orange.
  2. We have eaten guavas.

Negative Sentence

Note:

Examples

  1. He has not eaten oranges.
  2. We have not eaten guavas.

Interrogative Sentence

Note:

Examples

  1. Has he eaten oranges?
  2. Have we eaten fruits?
Note:

Interrogative Negative Sentence

Note:

Examples

  1. Has he not eaten oranges?
  2. Have we not eaten guavas?
Note:

Rule: Must put Question Mark (?) in the end of interrogative and negative interrogative sentences.

More Examples of Present Perfect Tense

Positive Sentences

  1. I have watched television.
  2. We have read newspaper.
  3. They have played football.
  4. You have loved swimming.
  5. She has cooked food.
  6. He has taught English.
  7. It has rained in morning.

Negative Sentences

  1. I have not watched television.
  2. We have not read newspaper.
  3. They have not played football.
  4. You have not loved swimming.
  5. She has not cooked food.
  6. He has not taught English.
  7. It has not rained in morning.

Interrogative Sentences

  1. Have I watched television?
  2. Have we read newspaper?
  3. Have they played football?
  4. Have you loved swimming?
  5. Has she cooked food?
  6. Has he taught English?
  7. Has it rained in morning?
  8. What has he brought from market?

Interrogative Negative Sentences

  1. Have I not watched television?
  2. Have we not read newspaper?
  3. Have they not played football?
  4. Have you not loved swimming?
  5. Has she not cooked food?
  6. Has he not taught English?
  7. Has it not rained in morning?


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List of all English Tenses

Below is list of all English tenses including the structure and explanation of usage of each tense:

Present Tense   →
  1. Present Simple (Indefinite) Tense
  2. Present Continuous Tense
  3. Present Perfect Tense
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Tense   →
  1. Past Simple (Indefinite) Tense
  2. Past Continuous Tense
  3. Past Perfect Tense
  4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Future Tense   →
  1. Future Indefinite (Simple) Tense
  2. Future Continuous Tense
  3. Future Perfect Tense
  4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense


Relevant Topics  →
  1. How Many Tenses in English
  2. The Sequence of Tenses













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