Careermidway.com - Limitless Career Opportunities



Parts of Speech in English Language

The different kinds or classes into which words are divided, according to their use, are called "Parts of Speech". A list of Parts of Speech in English grammar includes the following:

  1. The Noun
  2. Pronoun
  3. The Adjective
  4. The Article
  5. The Verb
  6. The Adverb
  7. The Preposition
  8. The Conjunction
  9. The Interjection

Definition of Parts of Speech

Here are these Parts of Speech defined and illustrated.

Noun: A Noun is naming word. It is used for naming anything we can see, hear, touch, smell, taste, or think of. For example, man, noise, fever, chair, scent, milk, death, etc.

Pronoun: A Pronoun is used instead of a Noun to avoid repetition. For example:

Babar met Shameem. He liked her ("he" and "her" are Pronouns, because they are used instead of the Nouns "Babar" and "Shameem").

Adjective: An Adjective qualifies (adds something to the meaning of) a Noun. For example:

  1. His uncle is a rich man. ("rich" qualifies "man").
  2. Six boys feel down. ("six" qualifies "boys").

Article: An Article generalizes or particularizes a Noun; as,

  1. A boy is standing there.
  2. Give him an apple.
  3. The doctor is not at home.

The Article is, sometimes, regarded as a distinct Part of Speech. But, properly speaking, it is merely an Adjective. There are only three Articles "a", "an" and "the" in English.

Verb: A Verb tells or declares something about a Noun or a Pronoun. For example:

  1. Imran goes to school. ("goes" is a verb, because it tells something about "Imran").
  2. His cow died yesterday. ("died" is a Verb, because it tells something about "his cow").
  3. We will win the match. ("will win" is a Verb, because it tells something about "we").

Adverb: An Adverb modifies (adds something to the meaning of) any Part of Speech except a Noun or a Pronoun. For example:

  1. This flower is very beautiful. ("very" is an Adverb, because it adds to the meaning of an Adjective – "beautiful").
  2. The sun shines brightly. ("brightly" is an Adverb, because it modifies a Verb – "shines").
  3. She sings very sweetly, ("very" is an Adverb, because it modifies another Adverb – "sweetly").

Preposition: A Preposition shows the relation of a Noun or a Pronoun to something else. For example:

  1. These girls are fond of music. ("of" – a Preposition – shows the relation of "music" to "girls").
  2. I quite agree with you. ("with" – a Preposition – shows the relation of "you" to "I")

Conjunction: Conjunction is a joining word. For example:

  1. Boys and girls go home. ("and" is a Conjunction, because it joins two words – boys and girls).
  2. He is sad but hopeful. ("but" is a Conjunction, because it joins a sentence and a word).
  3. She is present but her brother is absent. ("but" is a Conjunction, because it joins two sentences).

Interjection: An Interjection expresses some sudden feeling of the mind. For example:

  1. Alas! My brother has failed.
  2. Hurrah! We have won the match.

"Alas" and "Hurrah" are "interjections" in these sentences.

An Interjection is not grammatically connected, as other words are, with these sentences. It is a mere sound standing by itself. Thus, properly speaking, an Interjection is not a Part of Speech.






Popular Search Examples

Share this page at:











Who we are?

Careermidway.com is an effort of lofty aspirants. We voluntarily bridge seekers with employers and other career building sources.