The different kinds or classes into which words are divided, according to their use, are called "Parts of Speech". A list of Parts of Speech in English grammar includes the following:
Here are these Parts of Speech defined and illustrated.
Noun: A Noun is naming word. It is used for naming anything we can see, hear, touch, smell, taste, or think of. For example, man, noise, fever, chair, scent, milk, death, etc.
Pronoun: A Pronoun is used instead of a Noun to avoid repetition. For example:
Babar met Shameem. He liked her ("he" and "her" are Pronouns, because they are used instead of the Nouns "Babar" and "Shameem").
Adjective: An Adjective qualifies (adds something to the meaning of) a Noun. For example:
Article: An Article generalizes or particularizes a Noun; as,
The Article is, sometimes, regarded as a distinct Part of Speech. But, properly speaking, it is merely an Adjective. There are only three Articles "a", "an" and "the" in English.
Verb: A Verb tells or declares something about a Noun or a Pronoun. For example:
Adverb: An Adverb modifies (adds something to the meaning of) any Part of Speech except a Noun or a Pronoun. For example:
Preposition: A Preposition shows the relation of a Noun or a Pronoun to something else. For example:
Conjunction: Conjunction is a joining word. For example:
Interjection: An Interjection expresses some sudden feeling of the mind. For example:
"Alas" and "Hurrah" are "interjections" in these sentences.
An Interjection is not grammatically connected, as other words are, with these sentences. It is a mere sound standing by itself. Thus, properly speaking, an Interjection is not a Part of Speech.
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