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Future Perfect Tense

Definition: The Future Perfect Tense is used to talk about actions that will be completed by a certain future time. For example, "He will have left before you go to see him". It shows a sense of completion of an action which will occur in future.

Rules:

  1. Helping verbs "will have" or "shall have" are used in sentence.
  2. 3rd form of verb is used in sentence.
  3. Helping verb "will" is used with subject (you, they, it, he, she and names) whereas helping verb "shall" is used with subject (I and we).
  4. Structure of Sentence

    Positive Sentence

    • Subject + helping verbs ("will have" or "shall have") + (3rd form of verb) + object

    Examples

    1. He will have finished job.
    2. We shall have finished job.

    Negative Sentence

    • Subject + ("will not have" or "shall not have") + (3rd form of verb) + object
    Note:
    • To make negative sentence "not" is written between helping verbs "will have" or "shall have" in sentence.

    Examples

    1. He will not have finished job.
    2. We shall not have finished job.

    Interrogative Sentence

    • Helping verb ("Will" or "Shall") + subject + helping verb ("have") + (3rd form of verb) + object
    Note:
    • Helping verb "Will" or "Shall" is placed at the beginning of sentence.

    Examples

    1. Will he have finished job?
    2. Shall we have finished job?
    3. When will he have done his school work?
    Note:
    • The words "what, where, when, how, etc." will be used before "will" or "shall" in such kind of interrogative sentences.

    Interrogative Negative Sentence

    • Helping verb ("Will" or "Shall") + subject + not + helping verb ("have") + (3rd form of verb) + object
    Note:
    • Helping verb "Will" or "Shall" is placed at the beginning of the sentence and "not" is used after the subject.

    Examples

    1. Shall we not have taken the tickets before the train arrives?
    2. Will students not have left the class before the teacher arrives?

    Rule: Must put Question Mark (?) in the end of interrogative and negative interrogative sentences.

    More Examples of Future Perfect Tense

    Positive Sentences

    1. You will have built a house.
    2. I shall have bought a suit.
    3. By the end of this month I will have worked here for five years.

    Negative Sentences

    1. He will not have written his notes.
    2. We shall not have decorated our room.
    3. They will not have sent the movie.

    Interrogative Sentences

    1. Will they have shifted to a new home?
    2. Shall we have passed the examination?
    3. When will you have read this book?

    Interrogative Negative Sentences

    1. Will he not have eaten pizza?
    2. Will they not have sent the movie?
    3. Shall I not have written my exercise by then?


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List of all English Tenses

Below is list of all English tenses including the structure and explanation of usage of each tense:

Present Tense   →
  1. Present Simple (Indefinite) Tense
  2. Present Continuous Tense
  3. Present Perfect Tense
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Tense   →
  1. Past Simple (Indefinite) Tense
  2. Past Continuous Tense
  3. Past Perfect Tense
  4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Future Tense   →
  1. Future Indefinite (Simple) Tense
  2. Future Continuous Tense
  3. Future Perfect Tense
  4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense


Relevant Topics  →
  1. How Many Tenses in English
  2. The Sequence of Tenses













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