An Article is a short word that generalizes or particularizes a Noun.
The Article is, sometimes, regarded as a distinct Part of Speech. But, properly speaking, it is merely an Adjective. There are only three Articles "a", "an" and "the" in English.
The Article, properly speaking, is not a distinct part of speech. It is merely an Adjective. However, the Demonstrative Adjectives "A" "An" and "The" are usually called Articles. Articles are of two kinds:
"A" and "An" are called Indefinite Articles, because they only generalize a Noun. Examples:
A doctor leads a busy life. (A doctor = any doctor).
Twelve Inches make a foot.
"The" is called the Definite Article, because it points out some particular person or thing. Examples:
I saw the doctor. (The doctor = not any doctor but some particular doctor).
She was the first one to arrive here.
The Use of "A". "A" is used before a word beginning with a consonant sound. Examples:
The Use of "An". "An" is used before a word beginning with a vowel sound. Examples:
"A" or "An" is used;
- In its original numerical sense of "one". Example:
A hundred paisa makes a rupee.
- In the vague sense of "a certain". Example:
One morning a beggar came to my door.
- In the sense of "any". Example:
I want a pen.
- To make a common noun of a proper Noun. Example:
A Daniel came to judgment.
The Use of "The". The Definite Article "The" is an abbreviated form of "this" "That" "these" or "those". It is used;
- Has he returned from the club?
- Let us go to the canal.
- The pen you want to buy is good-for-nothing.
- I dislike the fellow.
- The dog is a faithful animal.
- The cow gives milk.
But no article is used with the Nouns "man" and "woman" when they denote the whole class. Examples:
- Man is mortal.
- Woman is man's mate.
- The Ravi, the Chenab, the Jhelum, and the Indus fall in to the Arabian Sea.
- These passengers are bound for the British Isles.
- The Himalayas lie to the north of Bharat.
- I read the Holy Quran in the morning.
- The Dawn is published from Karachi and Lahore.
- The earth revolves round the sun.
- The moon shines in the sky.
- The rich do not like the poor.
- The lot of the blind is very miserable.
- Gama was the Rustam (the strongest man) of his age.
- He is the Nelson (the greatest naval commander) of his time.
- Aslam is the best boy in the class.
- The darkest cloud has a silver lining.
- The more we get, the more we desire.
- The sooner you come, the better.
The day follows the night.
The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.
The omission of the use of "A" "An" and "The".
The article is omitted:
- Man is mortal.
- What kind of flower is it?
- Honesty is the best policy.
- Gold is a precious metal.
- He was transferred to Karachi.
- Boys play football.
- Horses neigh.
- M. Muhammad Ayyub Khan, ex-President of Pakistan, passed away on April 20, 1974.
- Jamshed Hashmi became captain of the cricket eleven of his college.
- Both husband and wife caught cold.
- Boy after boy came out of the school.
- Parliament will meet again in April.
- Government has sanctioned the proposal.
Here are some important points about the use of the Articles. These will be of great help to you in using them correctly.
A horse and an ass were in the field.But if the noun is qualified by some Adjective, it is placed before the Adjective; as,
Alexander the great was riding a white horse.
It was such a fine day that many a man went to the river.
1. How great a mistake I have made!
2. It is too small a house to accommodate us all.
1. All the students are in hall.
2. Both the birds were shot dead.
I saw a black and red cow. (The cow is only one).
But if they qualify different Nouns, expressed or understood, the Article is used before each Adjective; as,
I saw a black and a red cow. (The cows are two).
The headmaster and the inspector were sitting in the office.
He is a better teacher than scholar.
But if they refer to different persons or things, the Article must be used with each Noun; as,
He is a better teacher than a scholar.
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